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Rastrelliger kanagurta  (Cuvier, 1816)

Indian mackerel
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Image of Rastrelliger kanagurta (Indian mackerel)
Rastrelliger kanagurta
Picture by Greenfield, J.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Rastrelliger: Latin, rastra = rake + Latin, gero = to carry.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 20 - 90 m (Ref. 12260).    17°C - ? (Ref. 54861), preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 34°N - 24°S, 30°E - 180°E (Ref. 54861)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Indonesia, north to the Ryukyu Islands and China, south to Australia, Melanesia and Samoa. Entered the eastern Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 19.9, range 20 - 24.5 cm
Max length : 42.1 cm TL (female); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573); 最大體重: 0.00 g; 最大年齡: 4 年 (Ref. 168)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8 - 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 12; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 12. Head longer than body depth. Maxilla partly concealed, covered by lachrymal bone but extending to about hind margin of eye. Bristles on longest gill raker 105 on one side in specimens of 12.7 cm, 140 in 16 cm, and 160 in 19 cm fork length specimens. A black spot on body near lower margin of pectoral fin. Interpelvic process small and single. Swim bladder present. Anal spine rudimentary.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in coastal bays, harbors and deep lagoons, usually in some turbid plankton-rich waters. Form schools. Feed on phytoplankton (diatoms) and small zooplankton (cladocerans, ostracods, larval polychaetes, etc.) (Ref. 9684). Small groups were seen eating eggs of Cheilio inermis straight after spawning (Ref. 48637). Adult individuals feed on macroplankton such as larval shrimps and fish. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Generally marketed fresh, frozen, canned, dried-salted, and smoked; also made into fish sauce (Ref. 9684).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 




人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 誘餌: occasionally
FAO(漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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