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Scomberomorus niphonius  (Cuvier, 1832)

Japanese Spanish mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scomberomorus niphonius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberomorus niphonius (Japanese Spanish mackerel)
Scomberomorus niphonius
Picture by CAFS

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54883).    , preferred 17°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 18°N, 108°E - 143°E (Ref. 54883)

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Northwest Pacific: confined to the subtropical and temperate waters of China, the Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan north to Vladivostok, former USSR. Often confused with Scomberomorus munroi.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 168); 最大體重: 7.1 kg (Ref. 40637)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 19 - 21; 背的軟條 (總數): 15-19; 臀鰭軟條: 16 - 20; 脊椎骨: 48 - 50. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. The only species in the genus with a straight intestine. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. Anterior quarter of first dorsal fin and a narrow distal margin of the rest of the dorsal fin black. Sides with seven or more rows of longitudinal spots on the sides; some spots connected together.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found near shore (including semi-enclosed sea areas) (Ref. 11230). Undergoes a spawning migration in spring (March to June) and a feeding migration in fall (September to November) in the Inland Sea of Japan. Feeds on small fishes. Another major fishing gear that is used are set nets. This species is the most important Scomberomorus species in Japan which is cultured and released for fishery. Marketed fresh and especially tasty in winter. Eaten pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 




人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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