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Synodontis xiphias  Günther, 1864

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Synodontis xiphias
Picture by Günther, A.C.L.G.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Günther.

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; acqua dolce benthopelagico.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Africa: known only from the lower Niger (Ref. 57223).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 67.5 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 57223)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 1; Spine anali 0. Diagnosis: gill slits not extending ventrally beyond pectoral-fin insertions; post-orbital length at most 60% of snout length; maxillary barbels unbranched, not fringed or very slightly fringed at base, shorter than head, without tubercles or basilar membrane; mandibular barbels with a long simple and relatively thin ramifications; mandibular teeth numbering 10-16; dorsal-fin spine smooth anteriorly, pectoral-fin spines weakly denticulate; humeral process triangular and rather pointed posteriorly, its upper margin concave; adipose fin poorly developed, distinctly separated from rayed dorsal fin; colour uniform, sometimes with very fine punctuations (Ref. 57223). Coloration: uniformly brownish, with numerous small, rounded spots on sides and adipose fin (this colour corresponds to a stuffed specimen)(Ref. 57223).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum TL recorded was 800mm (Ref. 57223).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
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Ecologia
Dieta
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Nomi Comuni
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Morfometria
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