You can sponsor this page

Trisopterus esmarkii  (Nilsson, 1855)

Norway pout
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Trisopterus esmarkii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)
Trisopterus esmarkii
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Trisopterus: Greek, tris = thrice + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 50 - 300 m (Ref. 54932), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 54932).   Temperate, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 79°N - 48°N, 27°W - 30°E (Ref. 54932)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: southwest Barents Sea, sometimes at Bear Island, south to the English Channel, - and the Bay of Biscaye (Ref. 90172)-, around Iceland and Faeroe Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - 15 cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); common length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 273)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Gray-brown dorsally, silvery on sides, white on belly. A dark blotch is at the upper edge of the pectoral-fin base.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Benthopelagic to pelagic over muddy bottoms. Mostly found between 100 and 200 m. Feeds mostly on planktonic crustaceans (copepods, euphausiids, shrimps, amphipods) but also on small fish and various eggs and larvae (Ref. 1371). Caught mainly for reduction to fishmeal (Ref. 3383), trout pellets, fodder (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Migrates for spawning between the Shetland Islands and Norway and out of the Skagerrak. Major spawning grounds are Northwestern Scotland, Norway, Faeroe Islands and Iceland.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources