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Gymnosarda unicolor  (Rüppell, 1836)

Dogtooth tuna
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Gymnosarda unicolor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnosarda unicolor (Dogtooth tuna)
Gymnosarda unicolor
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Gymnosarda: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, sarde = sardine; 1598 (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino associati a barriera corallina; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 10 - 250 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 5313), preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 30°S, 32°E - 130°W (Ref. 168)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to Japan, south to Australia.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 248 cm FL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 40637); common length : 190 cm NG maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9710); Peso massimo pubblicato: 131.0 kg (Ref. 168)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 13 - 15; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 12-14; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 12 - 13; Vertebre: 38. Mouth fairly large, upper jaw reaching to middle of eye. Laminae of olfactory rosette 48 to 56. Interpelvic process large and single. Lateral line strongly undulating. Body naked posterior to corselet. Swim bladder large, spleen visible in ventral view on the right side of the body. The back and upper sides brilliant blue-black, lower sides and belly silvery; no lines, spots or other markings on the body.

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

An offshore species found mainly around coral reefs. Generally solitary or occur in small schools of six or less. Preys on small schooling fishes such as Decapterus, Caesio, Nasio, Cirrhilabrus, Pterocaesio and squids. Marketed canned and frozen (Ref. 9684, 48637). Adults may be ciguatoxic (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaboratori

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 168)




Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si
FAO(pesca: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

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