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Gymnosarda unicolor  (Rüppell, 1836)

Dogtooth tuna
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Gymnosarda unicolor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnosarda unicolor (Dogtooth tuna)
Gymnosarda unicolor
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Gymnosarda: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, sarde = sardine; 1598 (Ref. 45335).

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 10 - 250 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 5313), preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 30°S, 32°E - 130°W (Ref. 168)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to Japan, south to Australia.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 248 cm FL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 40637); common length : 190 cm NG macho / no sexado; (Ref. 9710); peso máximo publicado: 131.0 kg (Ref. 168)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 13 - 15; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 12-14; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 12 - 13; Vértebra: 38. Mouth fairly large, upper jaw reaching to middle of eye. Laminae of olfactory rosette 48 to 56. Interpelvic process large and single. Lateral line strongly undulating. Body naked posterior to corselet. Swim bladder large, spleen visible in ventral view on the right side of the body. The back and upper sides brilliant blue-black, lower sides and belly silvery; no lines, spots or other markings on the body.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

An offshore species found mainly around coral reefs. Generally solitary or occur in small schools of six or less. Preys on small schooling fishes such as Decapterus, Caesio, Nasio, Cirrhilabrus, Pterocaesio and squids. Marketed canned and frozen (Ref. 9684, 48637). Adults may be ciguatoxic (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Collette, Bruce B. | Colaboradores

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 168)




Human uses

Pesquerías: escaso valor comercial; pesca deportiva: si
FAO(pesquerías: producción; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
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Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
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heritabilidad
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Mass conversion
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