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Lachnolaimus maximus  (Walbaum, 1792)

Hogfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lachnolaimus maximus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogfish)
Lachnolaimus maximus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Lachnolaimus: Greek, lachne, -es = more covered with hair than other + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).    , preferred ?; 46°N - 4°N, 98°W - 51°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 18.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3726); 最大體重: 11.0 kg (Ref. 36052); 最大年齡: 23 年 (Ref. 93706)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 14; 背的軟條 (總數): 11; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 10. Deep-bodied wrasse with a strongly arched dorsal profile. First 3 dorsal spines filamentous. Only wrasse with elongate dorsal spines and such a highly arched profile (Ref. 26938). Color variable but generally mottled brownish red with a black spot at rear base of dorsal fin (Ref. 13442).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A large and economically valuable species, monandric and a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 93709). Adults are found over open bottoms or coral reef areas (Ref. 5217). Often encountered where gorgonians are abundant (Ref. 13442). Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins (Ref. 3726). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3726). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Monandric (no primary males) , protogynous hermaphrodites. Sex change is postmaturation; it is initiated among individuals 30-40 cm LF (or 3-5 yrs) but was also observed in fish as large as 69.4 cm LF (13 yrs). Sex change occurred after one more spawning (as a female) seasons and requires several months to complete (Ref.74380). Harem spawner (Ref.74381). Spawning activity is characterised by the following event called 'spawning rush': 1) pectoral swim up, 2) tail swim, 3) swin alongsode and tilt, 4) release, 5) circle and display, and 6) swim down (Ref. 74381).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  (Ref. 7251)




人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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