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Lachnolaimus maximus  (Walbaum, 1792)

Hogfish
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Lachnolaimus maximus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogfish)
Lachnolaimus maximus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Lachnolaimus: Greek, lachne, -es = more covered with hair than other + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335).

Omgeving / Klimaat / Range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 46°N - 4°N, 98°W - 51°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 18.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 3726); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 11.0 kg (Ref. 36052); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 23 jaren (Ref. 93706)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 14; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 10. Deep-bodied wrasse with a strongly arched dorsal profile. First 3 dorsal spines filamentous. Only wrasse with elongate dorsal spines and such a highly arched profile (Ref. 26938). Color variable but generally mottled brownish red with a black spot at rear base of dorsal fin (Ref. 13442).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

A large and economically valuable species, monandric and a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 93709). Adults are found over open bottoms or coral reef areas (Ref. 5217). Often encountered where gorgonians are abundant (Ref. 13442). Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins (Ref. 3726). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3726). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Monandric (no primary males) , protogynous hermaphrodites. Sex change is postmaturation; it is initiated among individuals 30-40 cm LF (or 3-5 yrs) but was also observed in fish as large as 69.4 cm LF (13 yrs). Sex change occurred after one more spawning (as a female) seasons and requires several months to complete (Ref.74380). Harem spawner (Ref.74381). Spawning activity is characterised by the following event called 'spawning rush': 1) pectoral swim up, 2) tail swim, 3) swin alongsode and tilt, 4) release, 5) circle and display, and 6) swim down (Ref. 74381).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Westneat, Mark | Medewerkers

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 7251)




Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van minder commercieel belang; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Commercieel
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