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Lachnolaimus maximus  (Walbaum, 1792)

Hogfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Lachnolaimus maximus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogfish)
Lachnolaimus maximus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Lachnolaimus: Greek, lachne, -es = more covered with hair than other + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Intervalo Ecologia

; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; intervalo de profundidade 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 46°N - 4°N, 98°W - 51°W

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 18.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 3726); Peso máx. publicado: 11.0 kg (Ref. 36052); Idade máx. registada: 23 anos (Ref. 93706)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 14; Raios dorsais (total): 11; Espinhos anais 3; Raios anais : 10. Deep-bodied wrasse with a strongly arched dorsal profile. First 3 dorsal spines filamentous. Only wrasse with elongate dorsal spines and such a highly arched profile (Ref. 26938). Color variable but generally mottled brownish red with a black spot at rear base of dorsal fin (Ref. 13442).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

A large and economically valuable species, monandric and a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 93709). Adults are found over open bottoms or coral reef areas (Ref. 5217). Often encountered where gorgonians are abundant (Ref. 13442). Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins (Ref. 3726). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3726). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Monandric (no primary males) , protogynous hermaphrodites. Sex change is postmaturation; it is initiated among individuals 30-40 cm LF (or 3-5 yrs) but was also observed in fish as large as 69.4 cm LF (13 yrs). Sex change occurred after one more spawning (as a female) seasons and requires several months to complete (Ref.74380). Harem spawner (Ref.74381). Spawning activity is characterised by the following event called 'spawning rush': 1) pectoral swim up, 2) tail swim, 3) swin alongsode and tilt, 4) release, 5) circle and display, and 6) swim down (Ref. 74381).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Westneat, Mark | Colaboradores

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Perigo para os humanos

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 7251)




Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pouco comercial; peixe esportivo: sim; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
FAO(pescarias: produção; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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