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Lachnolaimus maximus  (Walbaum, 1792)

Hogfish
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Lachnolaimus maximus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogfish)
Lachnolaimus maximus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Lachnolaimus: Greek, lachne, -es = more covered with hair than other + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).    , preferred ?; 46°N - 4°N, 98°W - 51°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 18.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3726); 最大体重: 11.0 kg (Ref. 36052); 最大年龄: 23 年 (Ref. 93706)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 14; 背的软条 (总数): 11; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 10. Deep-bodied wrasse with a strongly arched dorsal profile. First 3 dorsal spines filamentous. Only wrasse with elongate dorsal spines and such a highly arched profile (Ref. 26938). Color variable but generally mottled brownish red with a black spot at rear base of dorsal fin (Ref. 13442).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A large and economically valuable species, monandric and a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 93709). Adults are found over open bottoms or coral reef areas (Ref. 5217). Often encountered where gorgonians are abundant (Ref. 13442). Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins (Ref. 3726). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3726). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Monandric (no primary males) , protogynous hermaphrodites. Sex change is postmaturation; it is initiated among individuals 30-40 cm LF (or 3-5 yrs) but was also observed in fish as large as 69.4 cm LF (13 yrs). Sex change occurred after one more spawning (as a female) seasons and requires several months to complete (Ref.74380). Harem spawner (Ref.74381). Spawning activity is characterised by the following event called 'spawning rush': 1) pectoral swim up, 2) tail swim, 3) swin alongsode and tilt, 4) release, 5) circle and display, and 6) swim down (Ref. 74381).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  (Ref. 7251)




人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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