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Lachnolaimus maximus  (Walbaum, 1792)

Hogfish
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Lachnolaimus maximus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lachnolaimus maximus (Hogfish)
Lachnolaimus maximus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Lachnolaimus: Greek, lachne, -es = more covered with hair than other + Greek, laimos = throat (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 46°N - 4°N, 98°W - 51°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada), Bermuda, and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 18.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 3726); publicerad maxvikt: 11.0 kg (Ref. 36052); rapporterad maxålder: 23 år (Ref. 93706)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 10. Deep-bodied wrasse with a strongly arched dorsal profile. First 3 dorsal spines filamentous. Only wrasse with elongate dorsal spines and such a highly arched profile (Ref. 26938). Color variable but generally mottled brownish red with a black spot at rear base of dorsal fin (Ref. 13442).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

A large and economically valuable species, monandric and a protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 93709). Adults are found over open bottoms or coral reef areas (Ref. 5217). Often encountered where gorgonians are abundant (Ref. 13442). Feed mainly on mollusks, also crabs and sea urchins (Ref. 3726). Flesh highly esteemed; marketed fresh and frozen (Ref. 3726). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Monandric (no primary males) , protogynous hermaphrodites. Sex change is postmaturation; it is initiated among individuals 30-40 cm LF (or 3-5 yrs) but was also observed in fish as large as 69.4 cm LF (13 yrs). Sex change occurred after one more spawning (as a female) seasons and requires several months to complete (Ref.74380). Harem spawner (Ref.74381). Spawning activity is characterised by the following event called 'spawning rush': 1) pectoral swim up, 2) tail swim, 3) swin alongsode and tilt, 4) release, 5) circle and display, and 6) swim down (Ref. 74381).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Medarbetare

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 7251)




Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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