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Gymnotus carapo  Linnaeus, 1758

Banded knifefish
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gymnotus carapo   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnotus carapo (Banded knifefish)
Gymnotus carapo
Picture by Landines, M.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes)
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).    22°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672), preferred ?

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Central and South America: southern Mexico to Paraguay, including Trinidad.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 19.4, range 25 - ? cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 79585); 最大體重: 1.2 kg (Ref. 79585)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Aggressive (Ref. 27188). Inhabits turbid slow moving or standing waters (Ref. 11225). Found also in shallow edges of streams (Ref. 75964). Can survive when ditches, canals and small ponds dry out. (Ref. 11225). Feeds mainly at night on worms, insects (e.g. odonate larvae), shrimps, fish (preferably small characids, e.g. Ctenobrycon and Curimata) and plant matter (Ref. 7020; 10011). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Mouth brooding by males is observed in this species (Ref. 55570). Males provide parental care in nests excavated for eggs and larvae (Ref. 55570). Uses its long anal fin for locomotion. Can distinguish between a `friendly neighbor' and a potentially `threatening stranger' based on electric organ discharge (EOD) waveform alone (Ref. 10011). Relationship between EOD pattern and agonistic behavior in this species has been demonstrated (Refs. 10531, 10532, 10533). Shows auditory abilities, responding best to a frequency of 1000 Hz, with an upper limit above 5000 Hz (Ref. 10831). Also responds to vibratory stimuli (water waves: 125-250 Hz) with transient increase in EOD rate (Ref. 10834). 'Prefers' temperatures of 24-25°C (Ref. 10836).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Parental care is provided by the male. The male sits on a depression with its anal fin expanded horizontally guarding a cluster of larvae. More larvae are spread out in leaf litter up to 2 m away (Ref. 55570).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Campos-da-Paz, Ricardo | 合作者

Campos-da-Paz, R., 2003. Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes). p. 483-486. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36692)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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