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Sarda orientalis  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)

Striped bonito
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sarda orientalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sarda orientalis (Striped bonito)
Sarda orientalis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 1 - 167 m (Ref. 58302).    14°C - 23°C (Ref. 168), preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 43°N - 41°S, 24°E - 77°W (Ref. 168)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: widespread but with many gaps in its known distribution. Eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Pacific coast of USA to southern tip of Baja California and Tres Marias Islands extending to Cabo Blanco, Peru (especially during El Niño events), the Galapagos Islands and Gulf of Guayaquil.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9684); common length : 55.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 55763); 最大体重: 10.7 kg (Ref. 168)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 17 - 19; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 16; 脊椎骨: 44 - 45. Mouth moderately large. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21 to 39. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large and prominent in ventral view. Liver with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Back with narrow oblique stripes.

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A coastal species (Ref. 9340) found schooling with small tunas. Also found around some islands (Ref. 9684). Feeds on clupeoids, other fishes, squids and decapod crustaceans. Spawning varies with the monsoon season (Ref. 9684). Also caught with troll lines, encircling nets (Ref. 9340) and drift nets (Ref. 9684). Marketed mainly fresh; also dried-salted (Ref. 9684), canned and frozen (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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