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Sparus aurata  Linnaeus, 1758

Gilthead seabream
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Image of Sparus aurata (Gilthead seabream)
Sparus aurata
Picture by Pillon, R.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sparus: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

محيط زيست / آب و هوا _ اقليم / Range بوم شناسي

; دريايي; لب شور نزديك كف زي; تغييرات عمق 1 - 150 m (Ref. 35388), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 54890).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 62°N - 15°N, 17°W - 43°E (Ref. 54890)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde and around the Canary Islands; also in the Mediterranean (Ref. 3688). Reported from the Black Sea (Ref. 12781). Reports from New Zealand refer to Pagrus auratus (Foster 1801) (Ref. 5755, 9258).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - 40 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 35388); common length : 35.0 cm SL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 4781); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 17.2 kg (Ref. 40637); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 11 سال ها (Ref. 7253)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 11; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 13-14; خارهاي باله مخرجي 3; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 11 - 12. Body tall, with large black spot on the gill cover. Snout more than twice as long as the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found in seagrass beds and sandy bottoms as well as in the surf zone commonly to depths of about 30 m, but adults may occur to 150 m depth. A sedentary fish, either solitary or in small aggregations. In spring, they often occur in brackish water coastal lagoons and estuaries. Mainly carnivorous, accessorily herbivorous (Ref. 3688). Feed on shellfish, including mussels and oysters. One of the most important fishes in saline and hypersaline aquaculture. Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Males become females at about 3 years of age (Ref. 2715, 28504). Protandric hermaphrodite species, maturing first as male (during the first or second year of age) and after the second or third year of age, as female. Spawning happens generally from October to December, with sequenced spawning during the whole period. Incubation lasts about 2 days at 16-1 7°C. Larval stages last about 50 days at 1 7.5°C or about 43 days at 20°C. Egg size 0.9-1.1 mm, larval length at hatching 2.5-3.0 mm. Simultaneous hermaphroditism is suggested for this species (Ref. 103751).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless




استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; آبزي پروري: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله
FAO(آبزي پروري: production, نمايه گونه; ماهي گيري – شيلات: production, نمايه گونه; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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