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Sparus aurata  Linnaeus, 1758

Gilthead seabream
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Sparus aurata
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sparus: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

環境 / 気候 / 範囲 生態学

; 海; 汽水性の 底生の; 深さの範囲 1 - 150 m (Ref. 35388), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 54890).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 62°N - 15°N, 17°W - 43°E (Ref. 54890)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde and around the Canary Islands; also in the Mediterranean (Ref. 3688). Reported from the Black Sea (Ref. 12781). Reports from New Zealand refer to Pagrus auratus (Foster 1801) (Ref. 5755, 9258).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - 40 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 35388); common length : 35.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4781); 最大公表体重: 17.2 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大記録サイズ: 11 年 (Ref. 7253)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 11; 背鰭 (合計): 13-14; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 11 - 12. Body tall, with large black spot on the gill cover. Snout more than twice as long as the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found in seagrass beds and sandy bottoms as well as in the surf zone commonly to depths of about 30 m, but adults may occur to 150 m depth. A sedentary fish, either solitary or in small aggregations. In spring, they often occur in brackish water coastal lagoons and estuaries. Mainly carnivorous, accessorily herbivorous (Ref. 3688). Feed on shellfish, including mussels and oysters. One of the most important fishes in saline and hypersaline aquaculture. Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Males become females at about 3 years of age (Ref. 2715, 28504). Protandric hermaphrodite species, maturing first as male (during the first or second year of age) and after the second or third year of age, as female. Spawning happens generally from October to December, with sequenced spawning during the whole period. Incubation lasts about 2 days at 16-1 7°C. Larval stages last about 50 days at 1 7.5°C or about 43 days at 20°C. Egg size 0.9-1.1 mm, larval length at hatching 2.5-3.0 mm. Simultaneous hermaphroditism is suggested for this species (Ref. 103751).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless




Human uses

水産業: 商業; 水産養殖: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO(水産養殖: 代謝, 種の外形; 水産業: 代謝, 種の外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | 私達の周りの海

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