You can sponsor this page

Sparus aurata  Linnaeus, 1758

Gilthead seabream
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos     Stamps, Coins | 谷歌图片
Image of Sparus aurata (Gilthead seabream)
Sparus aurata
Picture by Pillon, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sparus: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 深度上下限 1 - 150 m (Ref. 35388), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 54890).    , preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 62°N - 15°N, 17°W - 43°E (Ref. 54890)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde and around the Canary Islands; also in the Mediterranean (Ref. 3688). Reported from the Black Sea (Ref. 12781). Reports from New Zealand refer to Pagrus auratus (Foster 1801) (Ref. 5755, 9258).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - 40 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 35388); common length : 35.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4781); 最大体重: 17.2 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年龄: 11 年 (Ref. 7253)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 13-14; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 11 - 12. Body tall, with large black spot on the gill cover. Snout more than twice as long as the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in seagrass beds and sandy bottoms as well as in the surf zone commonly to depths of about 30 m, but adults may occur to 150 m depth. A sedentary fish, either solitary or in small aggregations. In spring, they often occur in brackish water coastal lagoons and estuaries. Mainly carnivorous, accessorily herbivorous (Ref. 3688). Feed on shellfish, including mussels and oysters. One of the most important fishes in saline and hypersaline aquaculture. Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Males become females at about 3 years of age (Ref. 2715, 28504). Protandric hermaphrodite species, maturing first as male (during the first or second year of age) and after the second or third year of age, as female. Spawning happens generally from October to December, with sequenced spawning during the whole period. Incubation lasts about 2 days at 16-1 7°C. Larval stages last about 50 days at 1 7.5°C or about 43 days at 20°C. Egg size 0.9-1.1 mm, larval length at hatching 2.5-3.0 mm. Simultaneous hermaphroditism is suggested for this species (Ref. 103751).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(养殖: 产生, 物种外形; 渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源