You can sponsor this page

Scomber japonicus  Houttuyn, 1782

Chub mackerel
Adicionar as suas observações no Fish Watcher
Adicionar o seu Fotografias e vídeos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins | Imagem do Google
Image of Scomber japonicus (Chub mackerel)
Scomber japonicus
Picture by Busse, K.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335);  japonicus: Named after Japan, its type locality (Ref. 6885).

Ambiente / Clima / Intervalo Ecologia

; marinhas; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 300 m (Ref. 168), usually 50 - 200 m (Ref. 35185).   Subtropical; 10°C - 27°C (Ref. 35185), preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 60°N - 48°S, 116°E - 70°W

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: anti-tropical, absent from the Indian Ocean except for South Africa, KZN to Western Cape (58304).

Reports from Atlantic incl. Mediterranean are Scomber colias, and from Red Sea and northern Indian Ocean are Scomber australasicus (Ref. 27328).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 26.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9015); common length : 30.0 cm FL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 168); Peso máx. publicado: 2.9 kg (Ref. 26550); Idade máx. registada: 18 anos (Ref. 35185)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 9 - 11; Raios dorsais moles (total): 112; Espinhos anais 1; Raios anais moles: 12 - 14; Vértebras: 31. Interpelvic process small and single. No well developed corselet. Swim bladder present. First haemal spine posterior to first interneural process; 12 to 15 interneural bones under first dorsal fin. Anal fin spine conspicuous, clearly separated from anal rays but joined to them by a membrane. Back with narrow stripes which zigzag and undulate. Belly unmarked (Pacific population) or with wavy lines (Atlantic pop.) (Ref. 168). Caudal peduncle with 5 finlets on the upper and lower edge. Distance between dorsal fins shorter than or equal to the first dorsal fin base (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

A coastal pelagic species, to a lesser extent epipelagic to mesopelagic over the continental slope (Ref. 168). Schooling by size is well developed and initiates at approximately 3 cm (Ref. 168); may also form schools with Sarda chiliensis, Trachurus symmetricus and Sardinops sagax (Ref. 9340). Adults stay near the bottom during the day; go up to the open water at night, (Ref. 5377) where they feed on copepods and other crustaceans, fishes and squids (Ref. 168). They spawn in batches (Ref. 51846). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). In Asian waters, they move to deeper water and remain inactive during the winter season (Ref. 4576). Commercially cultured in Japan. Marketed fresh, frozen, smoked, salted and occasionally canned (Ref. 9684). Eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Spawning most often occurs at water temperatures of 15° to 20°C. Spawn in several batches with 250 to 300 eggs per g of fish with the total number of eggs per female ranging from 100,000 to 400,000.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Collette, Bruce B. | Colaboradores

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless




Utilização humana

Pescarias: altamente comercial; Aquacultura: espécies comerciais; peixe desportivo: sim; isco: usually

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

Descarregue XML

Fontes da internet