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Scomberomorus commerson  (Lacepède, 1800)

Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Scomberomorus commerson   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberomorus commerson (Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel)
Scomberomorus commerson
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 10 - 70 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 41°S, 7°W - 180°E (Ref. 54880)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa to Southeast Asia, north to China and Japan and south to southeast Australia, and to Fiji (Ref. 6390). Immigrant to the eastern Mediterranean Sea by way of the Suez Canal. Southeast Atlantic: St. Helena.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 85.0, range 55 - 82 cm
Max length : 240 cm FL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 5765); common length : 120 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 5450); Peso massimo pubblicato: 70.0 kg (Ref. 5765)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 15 - 18; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 15-20; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 16 - 21; Vertebre: 42 - 46. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly bent downward below end of second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Vertical bars on trunk sometimes break up into spots ventrally which number 40-50 in adults, and less than 20 in juveniles. Juveniles with large oval dark spots on body; middle third of first dorsal fin white, rest of fin black (Ref. 11228).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Distributed from near edge of continental shelf to shallow coastal waters, often of low salinity and high turbidity (Ref. 30199, 48637). Also found in drop-offs, and shallow or gently sloping reef and lagoon waters (Ref. 1602, 48637). Usually hunts solitary and often swim in shallow water along coastal slopes (Ref. 48637). Known to undertake lengthy long-shore migrations, but permanent resident populations also seem to exist. Found in small schools (Ref. 9684). Feed primarily on small fishes like anchovies, clupeids, carangids, also squids and penaeoid shrimps. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). A lipid-soluble toxin, similar to ciguatoxin has been found in the flesh of specimens caught on the east coast of Queensland, Australia. Marketed fresh, dried-salted (Ref. 9684), frozen, smoked, and canned (Ref. 9987); commonly made into fish balls.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Depending on temperature regime, the spawning season may be more or less extended. In Australian waters, each female spawns several times over the season, about 2 to 6 days apart (Ref. 30196), depending on the locality. Spanish mackerel spawn off the reef slopes and edges, and they form spawning aggregations in specific areas (Ref. 6390).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaboratori

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 168)




Human uses

Pesca: elevato interesse commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si
FAO(pesca: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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