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Scomberomorus commerson  (Lacepède, 1800)

Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel
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Scomberomorus commerson   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberomorus commerson (Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel)
Scomberomorus commerson
Picture by Patzner, R.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

лучеперые рыбы > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).

окружающая среда / климат / Range экология

; морской; мигрирует в океане (Ref. 51243); пределы глубины 10 - 70 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 41°S, 7°W - 180°E (Ref. 54880)

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa to Southeast Asia, north to China and Japan and south to southeast Australia, and to Fiji (Ref. 6390). Immigrant to the eastern Mediterranean Sea by way of the Suez Canal. Southeast Atlantic: St. Helena.

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 85.0, range 55 - 82 cm
Max length : 240 cm FL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 5765); common length : 120 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 5450); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 70.0 kg (Ref. 5765)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 15 - 18; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 15-20; колючие лучи анального плавника 0; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 16 - 21; позвонки: 42 - 46. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly bent downward below end of second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Vertical bars on trunk sometimes break up into spots ventrally which number 40-50 in adults, and less than 20 in juveniles. Juveniles with large oval dark spots on body; middle third of first dorsal fin white, rest of fin black (Ref. 11228).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Distributed from near edge of continental shelf to shallow coastal waters, often of low salinity and high turbidity (Ref. 30199, 48637). Also found in drop-offs, and shallow or gently sloping reef and lagoon waters (Ref. 1602, 48637). Usually hunts solitary and often swim in shallow water along coastal slopes (Ref. 48637). Known to undertake lengthy long-shore migrations, but permanent resident populations also seem to exist. Found in small schools (Ref. 9684). Feed primarily on small fishes like anchovies, clupeids, carangids, also squids and penaeoid shrimps. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). A lipid-soluble toxin, similar to ciguatoxin has been found in the flesh of specimens caught on the east coast of Queensland, Australia. Marketed fresh, dried-salted (Ref. 9684), frozen, smoked, and canned (Ref. 9987); commonly made into fish balls.

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Depending on temperature regime, the spawning season may be more or less extended. In Australian waters, each female spawns several times over the season, about 2 to 6 days apart (Ref. 30196), depending on the locality. Spanish mackerel spawn off the reef slopes and edges, and they form spawning aggregations in specific areas (Ref. 6390).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор : Collette, Bruce B. | соавторы

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 168)




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