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Sphyraena barracuda  (Edwards, 1771)

Great barracuda
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Image of Sphyraena barracuda (Great barracuda)
Sphyraena barracuda
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 100 m (Ref. 6949), usually 3 - 30 m (Ref. 40849).    , preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 42°N - 35°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 55300)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesas and Tuamoto islands. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Nigeria, Senegal (Ref. 6949), Mauritania (Ref. 5377), St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121), and São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 66.0, range 58 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 140 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3692); 最大體重: 50.0 kg (Ref. 6949)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 6; 背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 10. Distinguished by the double emarginate tail fin with pale tips on each lobe, and (usually) the presence of a few scattered black blotches on the lower sides (Ref. 1602). Top of head between eyes flat or concave; mouth large (Ref. 26938).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found predominantly at or near the surface (Ref. 6949, 48637). Juvenile occurs among mangroves, estuaries and shallow sheltered inner reef areas; adult occurs in a wide range of habitats from murky inner harbors to open seas. Diurnal and solitary, but can also be found in small aggregations. Feeds on fishes, cephalopods and sometimes on shrimps (Ref. 9626, 48637). Sold fresh. Utilized also dried or salted (Ref. 9987). Although this species is ciguatoxic elsewhere throughout its range, it has not been reported to be poisonous in the eastern Atlantic (Ref. 6949, 48637). Rarely attacks humans, usually with one quick, fierce strike, which, although serious, is rarely fatal. The world's record on hook and line is a 5.5-ft. fish taken in the Bahamas that weighed 103 lbs. (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Daget, J., 1986. Sphyraenidae. p. 350-351. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4339)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  (Ref. 4690)




人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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