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Sphyraena barracuda  (Edwards, 1771)

Great barracuda
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Image of Sphyraena barracuda (Great barracuda)
Sphyraena barracuda
Picture by Patzner, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 100 m (Ref. 6949), usually 3 - 30 m (Ref. 40849).   Subtropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 42°N - 35°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 55300)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesas and Tuamoto islands. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Nigeria, Senegal (Ref. 6949), Mauritania (Ref. 5377), St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121), and São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 66.0, range 58 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 7251); common length : 140 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3692); max. veröff. Gewicht: 50.0 kg (Ref. 6949)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 6; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 9; Afterflossenstacheln 1; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 10. Distinguished by the double emarginate tail fin with pale tips on each lobe, and (usually) the presence of a few scattered black blotches on the lower sides (Ref. 1602). Top of head between eyes flat or concave; mouth large (Ref. 26938).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found predominantly at or near the surface (Ref. 6949, 48637). Juvenile occurs among mangroves, estuaries and shallow sheltered inner reef areas; adult occurs in a wide range of habitats from murky inner harbors to open seas. Diurnal and solitary, but can also be found in small aggregations. Feeds on fishes, cephalopods and sometimes on shrimps (Ref. 9626, 48637). Sold fresh. Utilized also dried or salted (Ref. 9987). Although this species is ciguatoxic elsewhere throughout its range, it has not been reported to be poisonous in the eastern Atlantic (Ref. 6949, 48637). Rarely attacks humans, usually with one quick, fierce strike, which, although serious, is rarely fatal. The world's record on hook and line is a 5.5-ft. fish taken in the Bahamas that weighed 103 lbs. (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Daget, J., 1986. Sphyraenidae. p. 350-351. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4339)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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