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Sphyraena barracuda  (Edwards, 1771)

Great barracuda
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Image of Sphyraena barracuda (Great barracuda)
Sphyraena barracuda
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 100 m (Ref. 6949), usually 3 - 30 m (Ref. 40849).    , preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 42°N - 35°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 55300)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesas and Tuamoto islands. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Togo, Nigeria, Senegal (Ref. 6949), Mauritania (Ref. 5377), St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121), and São Tomé Island (Ref. 34088).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 66.0, range 58 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 140 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3692); 最大体重: 50.0 kg (Ref. 6949)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 6; 背的软条 (总数): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鳍软条: 10. Distinguished by the double emarginate tail fin with pale tips on each lobe, and (usually) the presence of a few scattered black blotches on the lower sides (Ref. 1602). Top of head between eyes flat or concave; mouth large (Ref. 26938).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found predominantly at or near the surface (Ref. 6949, 48637). Juvenile occurs among mangroves, estuaries and shallow sheltered inner reef areas; adult occurs in a wide range of habitats from murky inner harbors to open seas. Diurnal and solitary, but can also be found in small aggregations. Feeds on fishes, cephalopods and sometimes on shrimps (Ref. 9626, 48637). Sold fresh. Utilized also dried or salted (Ref. 9987). Although this species is ciguatoxic elsewhere throughout its range, it has not been reported to be poisonous in the eastern Atlantic (Ref. 6949, 48637). Rarely attacks humans, usually with one quick, fierce strike, which, although serious, is rarely fatal. The world's record on hook and line is a 5.5-ft. fish taken in the Bahamas that weighed 103 lbs. (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Daget, J., 1986. Sphyraenidae. p. 350-351. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4339)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  (Ref. 4690)




人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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