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Glaucostegus typus  (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)

Giant shovelnose ray
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Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

इलाज़मौबरांकी (शारक और रेज़) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes) > Rhinobatinae

पर्यावरण / जलवायु / सीमा पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल; खारा ड़िमरसल; गहराई सीमा 0 - 100 m (Ref. 6871).   Tropical, preferred ?; 24°N - 32°S, 91°E - 156°E

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Thailand to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, south to Australia. Records from the south coast of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar need confirmation.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 150 - 180 cm
Max length : 270 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 9909)

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Occurs inshore and offshore, from the intertidal to offshore continental and insular shelves (Ref. 9909). Adults are found offshore waters while young individuals are found inshore on sand flats, around atolls, and in mangrove swamps (Ref. 6871). Feeds on shellfish (Ref. 9909). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Reported to live and breed permanently in fresh water (Ref. 6871). Probably the major commercial guitarfish in the Western Central Pacific (Ref. 9909). Caught regularly by demersal tangle net fisheries operating throughout the area. Utilized for its meat, fins (both very high value), skin and cartilage (Ref.58048). Reported to attain a maximum length of 4 m (Ref. 58784).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Born at 38-40 cm TL (Ref.58048).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : McEachran, John | सहयोगीयो

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 12951)




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