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Glaucostegus typus  (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)

Giant shovelnose ray
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes) > Rhinobatinae

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; acqua dolce; salmastro demersale; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 100 m (Ref. 6871).   Tropical, preferred ?; 24°N - 32°S, 91°E - 156°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Thailand to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, south to Australia. Records from the south coast of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar need confirmation.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 150 - 180 cm
Max length : 270 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9909)

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Occurs inshore and offshore, from the intertidal to offshore continental and insular shelves (Ref. 9909). Adults are found offshore waters while young individuals are found inshore on sand flats, around atolls, and in mangrove swamps (Ref. 6871). Feeds on shellfish (Ref. 9909). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Reported to live and breed permanently in fresh water (Ref. 6871). Probably the major commercial guitarfish in the Western Central Pacific (Ref. 9909). Caught regularly by demersal tangle net fisheries operating throughout the area. Utilized for its meat, fins (both very high value), skin and cartilage (Ref.58048). Reported to attain a maximum length of 4 m (Ref. 58784).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Born at 38-40 cm TL (Ref.58048).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : McEachran, John | Collaboratori

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 12951)




Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale; Acquario: Commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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