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Synodus dermatogenys  Fowler, 1912

Sand lizardfish
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Synodus dermatogenys   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Synodus dermatogenys
Picture by Field, R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  dermatogenys: Name from latin meaning unfading; referring to the markings on the pelvic fins that persist even in preserved specimens..   More on author: Fowler.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 1 - 91 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 32°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe; including Micronesia (Ref. 2334). Range extend to Southeast Atlantic, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Most authors misidentified this species as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 11228)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 11-13; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 10. Body brownish above, with 7 irregular blackish bars (Ref. 11228). Cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Common on sand or sand-rubble areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to over 20 m depth (Ref. 1602, 9710, 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 89972). Frequently buries in sand leaving only eyes and nostrils exposed (Ref. 9710, 48635). Generally solitary (Ref. 1602). Sometimes in pairs or small groups (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Generally solitary, but up to four males may have been observed courting a single larger female. A courting male may station itself atop a female and puff out its opercula and spread its fins in a display of aggression towards other males (Ref. 37816).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

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