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Sparisoma cretense  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Parrotfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sparisoma cretense   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sparisoma cretense (Parrotfish)
Sparisoma cretense
Female picture by Minguell, C.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 20 - 50 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 12°N, 32°W - 36°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Azores and Madeira south to the Canary Islands and Senegal. Mediterranean Sea: more common in the eastern and southern coasts.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 15.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 7360); common length : 30.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 6761)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

In shallow water along rocky shores. Feed on algae and small invertebrates (Ref. 6761, 56146). Herbivore species with specialized pharyngeal bones and muscles (Ref. 52194, 52195). Breeding occurs from July to September, with juveniles recruiting in late summer in Portugal (Ref. 56146).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Males matured at the same ages and sizes as did females, and size ranges of males and females overlapped, strongly suggesting gonochorism for this species (Ref. 103751).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Partner

Randall, J.E., 1990. Scaridae. p. 883-887. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7360)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




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