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Sparisoma cretense  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Parrotfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sparisoma cretense   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sparisoma cretense (Parrotfish)
Sparisoma cretense
Female picture by Minguell, C.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 20 - 50 m (Ref. 27000).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 12°N, 32°W - 36°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Azores and Madeira south to the Canary Islands and Senegal. Mediterranean Sea: more common in the eastern and southern coasts.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 15.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7360); common length : 30.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 6761)

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

In shallow water along rocky shores. Feed on algae and small invertebrates (Ref. 6761, 56146). Herbivore species with specialized pharyngeal bones and muscles (Ref. 52194, 52195). Breeding occurs from July to September, with juveniles recruiting in late summer in Portugal (Ref. 56146).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Males matured at the same ages and sizes as did females, and size ranges of males and females overlapped, strongly suggesting gonochorism for this species (Ref. 103751).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E., 1990. Scaridae. p. 883-887. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7360)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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