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Pomatoschistus minutus  (Pallas, 1770)

Sand goby
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomatoschistus minutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomatoschistus minutus (Sand goby)
Pomatoschistus minutus
Male picture by Busse, K.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Pomatoschistus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, schistos = divided (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 非產卵性溯降河的; 深度上下限 4 - 200 m.    8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944), preferred ?; 71°N - 35°N, 11°W - 34°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from Norway to Spain (Ref. 51442); also Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 51442) and Black Sea, but probably not throughout. Pomatoschistus minutus elongatus exists in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 10 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4645); 最大年齡: 3 年 (Ref. 40230)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 6 - 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 10-12; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 9 - 12; 脊椎骨: 32 - 34. Elongated body (Ref. 51442). The relative great eyes are placed high and close together (Ref. 51442). Joint pelvic fins forming an oval ventral disc (Ref. 51442). Elongated caudal peduncle (Ref. 51442). Predorsal area and nape covered by scales (Ref. 59043). Scales on the back, in front of the first dorsal fin (Ref. 35388). Dark spot on the hind end of first dorsal fin; Dark area on the front part of pectoral fins indistinct or missing.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

This occasionally schooling species is found in inshore sandy and muddy areas. Also found in ecotones near hard bottoms (Ref. 92840). Juveniles found in lower estuaries. Mainly diurnal, this species feeds on small polychaetes, amphipods (corophiids, caprellids), cumaceans and mysids (Ref. 4696). Spawns in summer in shallow waters. Male lures the female into an empty bivalve shell where she lays a portion of eggs. Guarded by the male for 10 days until larvae about 3 mm long. Larvae are pelagic at first. Young fish only start to live at the bottom when 17-18 mm (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

High mortality rate during the first year. Also Ref. 53335.

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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