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Pomatoschistus minutus  (Pallas, 1770)

Sand goby
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomatoschistus minutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomatoschistus minutus (Sand goby)
Pomatoschistus minutus
Male picture by Busse, K.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Pomatoschistus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, schistos = divided (Ref. 45335).

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino; salobre demersal; anfidromo; rango de profundidad 4 - 200 m.   Temperate; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944), preferred ?; 71°N - 35°N, 11°W - 34°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from Norway to Spain (Ref. 51442); also Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 51442) and Black Sea, but probably not throughout. Pomatoschistus minutus elongatus exists in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 10 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 4645); edad máxima reportada: 3 años (Ref. 40230)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 6 - 8; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 10-12; Espinas anales 1; Radios blandos anales: 9 - 12; Vértebra: 32 - 34. Elongated body (Ref. 51442). The relative great eyes are placed high and close together (Ref. 51442). Joint pelvic fins forming an oval ventral disc (Ref. 51442). Elongated caudal peduncle (Ref. 51442). Predorsal area and nape covered by scales (Ref. 59043). Scales on the back, in front of the first dorsal fin (Ref. 35388). Dark spot on the hind end of first dorsal fin; Dark area on the front part of pectoral fins indistinct or missing.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

This occasionally schooling species is found in inshore sandy and muddy areas. Also found in ecotones near hard bottoms (Ref. 92840). Juveniles found in lower estuaries. Mainly diurnal, this species feeds on small polychaetes, amphipods (corophiids, caprellids), cumaceans and mysids (Ref. 4696). Spawns in summer in shallow waters. Male lures the female into an empty bivalve shell where she lays a portion of eggs. Guarded by the male for 10 days until larvae about 3 mm long. Larvae are pelagic at first. Young fish only start to live at the bottom when 17-18 mm (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

High mortality rate during the first year. Also Ref. 53335.

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesquerías: sin interés; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
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