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Sprattus sprattus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

European sprat
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Image of Sprattus sprattus (European sprat)
Sprattus sprattus
Picture by Svensen, R.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

лучеперые рыбы > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Sprattus: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. (Ref. 45335).

окружающая среда / климат / Range экология

; морской; солоноватоводный; мигрирует в океане (Ref. 51243); пределы глубины 10 - 150 m (Ref. 6302).   Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 66°N - 30°N, 11°W - 42°E

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: North Sea and adjacent waters as far north as the Lofoten Area and the west of the British Isles, and Baltic Sea south to Morocco; also in northern Mediterranean (Gulf of Lion and the Adriatic Sea) and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 10.6, range 8 - 12 cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 188); common length : 12.0 cm SL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 188); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 6 годы (Ref. 3561)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 0; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 13-21; колючие лучи анального плавника 0; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 12 - 23. Lower jaw slightly projecting, gill cover without any bony radiating striae, teeth rarely present on vomer; belly with a strong keel of scutes; last two anal fin rays not enlarged. No dark spots on flanks. Pterotic bulla absent.

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Usually inshore schooling, sometimes entering estuaries (especially the juveniles) and tolerating salinities as low as 4 ppt. Shows strong migrations between winter feeding and summer spawning grounds. Moves to the surface at night. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans (Ref. 9900). Spawns at depths of 10-20 m producing 6,000-14,000 pelagic eggs (Ref. 35388). Some spawn almost throughout the year, mainly in spring and summer, near the coast or up to 100 km out to sea, the young drifting inshore. Sold as 'brislings' to canneries. Sprat are used in the production of fish meal and as mink food, less for human consumption (Ref. 9900). Utilized fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; can be pan-fried and broiled (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Some spawn almost year round but mainly in spring and summer, near to the coast or up to 100 km out to sea, the young drifting inshore. Individual period of spawning takes about two months (Ref. 92054).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




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