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Trachurus trachurus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Atlantic horse mackerel
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Trachurus trachurus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 1050 m (Ref. 54256), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 54256).   Subtropical, preferred 17°C (Ref. 107945); 67°N - 19°S, 26°W - 41°E (Ref. 54256)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, round the coast to Maputo.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 23.9, range 21 - 30 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 3197); common length : 22.0 cm FL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 3397); Peso massimo pubblicato: 2.0 kg (Ref. 27584)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 9; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 30-36; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 24 - 32. Bluish green, grey or black above, silvery white below; opercle with black spot (Ref. 3197). Lateral scales tall and keeled. Gill cover with a distinct black spot. First dorsal fin tall (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Adults form large schools in coastal areas with sandy substrate. They feed on fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods. Are batch spawners (Ref. 51846). Females lay 140,000 eggs, which hatch into 5mm long larvae (Ref. 35388). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Utilized fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; can be fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Divided into two stocks: West stock and North Sea stock. West stock spawns in a belt from the Biscay to Ireland in early spring, migrates north and eastwards to southern Norway and northern North Sea. North Sea stock spawns in the southern North Sea in summer, migrates to central North Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaboratori

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: elevato interesse commerciale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si; esca: usually

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Nomi Comuni
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Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
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Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
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