You can sponsor this page

Melanogrammus aeglefinus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Stamps, Coins | Google 影像
Image of Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Haddock)
Melanogrammus aeglefinus
Picture by Dolgov, A.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).    , preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 52°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4645); 最大體重: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大年齡: 20 年 (Ref. 4645)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 臀棘 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 




人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 養殖: 實驗的; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(養殖: 產生; 漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源