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Melanogrammus aeglefinus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).

Omgeving / Klimaat / Range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate, preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 52°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4645); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 20 jaren (Ref. 4645)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless




Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van groot commercieel belang; Aquacultuur: experimenteel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
FAO(Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: production, soortsprofiel; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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