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Melanogrammus aeglefinus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 気候 / 範囲 生態学

; 海 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate, preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 52°E

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Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4645); 最大公表体重: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大記録サイズ: 20 年 (Ref. 4645)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless




Human uses

水産業: 高い商業の; 水産養殖: 実験の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO(水産養殖: 代謝; 水産業: 代謝, 種の外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | 私達の周りの海

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