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Melanogrammus aeglefinus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Intervalo Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate, preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 52°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4645); Peso máx. publicado: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); Idade máx. registada: 20 anos (Ref. 4645)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Espinhos anais 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless




Utilização humana

Pescarias: altamente comercial; Aquacultura: experimental; peixe desportivo: sim
FAO(Aquacultura: produção; pescarias: produção, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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