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Lutjanus campechanus  (Poey, 1860)

Northern red snapper
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Image of Lutjanus campechanus (Northern red snapper)
Lutjanus campechanus
Picture by Cox, C.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 10 - 190 m (Ref. 55), usually 30 - 130 m (Ref. 55).    , preferred 22°C (Ref. 107945); 43°N - 4°S, 100°W - 40°W (Ref. 55228)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and eastern coast of the USA extending northward to Massachusetts, coasts of Florida (Ref. 26938), but rare north of the Carolinas. Throughout Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26938). This species has been referred to as Lutjanus aya by previous authors, but Rivas (Ref. 6409) proved that Bodianus aya Bloch, 1790 is not a lutjanid, but probably a sciaenid.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 39.3, range 25 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 26938); common length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 55); 最大體重: 22.8 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年齡: 57 年 (Ref. 48779)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 10; 背的軟條 (總數): 14; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8 - 9. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Specimens under 30 to 35 cm with large dark spot on the upper sides, located below the anterior soft dorsal rays.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found over rocky bottoms. Juveniles inhabit shallow waters, common over sand or muddy bottoms. Feed mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs, worms, cephalopods, and some planktonic items including urochordates and gastropods. Marketed fresh and eaten steamed, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Heavily exploited in American waters where it is now closely protected; shrimp fishing, accused of destroying young snappers, is currently restricted.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  (Ref. 30303)




人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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