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Sprattus muelleri  (Klunzinger, 1879)

New Zealand sprat
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sprattus muelleri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sprattus muelleri (New Zealand sprat)
Sprattus muelleri
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Sprattus: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; distribuzione batimetrica 28 - 110 m (Ref. 58489).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 33°S - 51°S, 165°E - 180°E (Ref. 188)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 188); common length : 10.0 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 13-21; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 12 - 23; Vertebre: 43 - 47. Gill cover without bony radiating striae; tooth plate on tongue narrow, pointed at each end, its width about 4 or 5 times in length, lateral teeth moderate; scales without fine striae on exposed posterior part; back green-gray when fresh. Pterotic bulla absent. Last two anal rays normal.

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

A schooling species found in coastal waters, from beaches down to 110 m or more. Has an apparently long spawning season (July to January) around the South Island, but not a fractional spawner. Eggs are present in mid-summer near Clutha River mouth (but samples may have included S. antipodum). More data needed.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Eggs present in mid-summer near Clutha River mouth (but samples may also have included S. antipodum).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: pesca di sussistenza
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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