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Sprattus muelleri  (Klunzinger, 1879)

New Zealand sprat
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sprattus muelleri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sprattus muelleri (New Zealand sprat)
Sprattus muelleri
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Sprattus: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. (Ref. 45335).

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino; rango de profundidad 28 - 110 m (Ref. 58489).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 33°S - 51°S, 165°E - 180°E (Ref. 188)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 188); common length : 10.0 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 13-21; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 12 - 23; Vértebra: 43 - 47. Gill cover without bony radiating striae; tooth plate on tongue narrow, pointed at each end, its width about 4 or 5 times in length, lateral teeth moderate; scales without fine striae on exposed posterior part; back green-gray when fresh. Pterotic bulla absent. Last two anal rays normal.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

A schooling species found in coastal waters, from beaches down to 110 m or more. Has an apparently long spawning season (July to January) around the South Island, but not a fractional spawner. Eggs are present in mid-summer near Clutha River mouth (but samples may have included S. antipodum). More data needed.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Eggs present in mid-summer near Clutha River mouth (but samples may also have included S. antipodum).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesquerías: pesquerías de subsistencia
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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