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Sprattus muelleri  (Klunzinger, 1879)

New Zealand sprat
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Sprattus muelleri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sprattus muelleri (New Zealand sprat)
Sprattus muelleri
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Sprattus: Old German, sprotte (1611) = a small fish, Clupea sp. (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina; djupintervall 28 - 110 m (Ref. 58489).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 33°S - 51°S, 165°E - 180°E (Ref. 188)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 188); common length : 10.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 13-21; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 12 - 23; Ryggkotor: 43 - 47. Gill cover without bony radiating striae; tooth plate on tongue narrow, pointed at each end, its width about 4 or 5 times in length, lateral teeth moderate; scales without fine striae on exposed posterior part; back green-gray when fresh. Pterotic bulla absent. Last two anal rays normal.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

A schooling species found in coastal waters, from beaches down to 110 m or more. Has an apparently long spawning season (July to January) around the South Island, but not a fractional spawner. Eggs are present in mid-summer near Clutha River mouth (but samples may have included S. antipodum). More data needed.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Eggs present in mid-summer near Clutha River mouth (but samples may also have included S. antipodum).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: husbehovsfiske
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