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Sardinella brasiliensis  (Steindachner, 1879)

Brazilian sardinella
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Image of Sardinella brasiliensis (Brazilian sardinella)
Sardinella brasiliensis
Picture by Carvalho Filho, A.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; salmastro; oceanodromo; distribuzione batimetrica 5 - 60 m (Ref. 114041).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 36°S, 98°W - 35°W

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, West Indies southward to Brazil and northern Uruguay (identifications are not always reliable).

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 103182); common length : 20.0 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 13-21; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 12 - 23. Diagnostic features as for Sardinella aurita from which it differs in having the anterior gill rakers on the lower limbs of the second and third gill arches distinctly curled downward (more or less flat in S. aurita) (Ref. 188). The pelvic fin ray count of i 8 distinguishes S. brasiliensis from all other species of Sardinella, also Harengula and Opisthonema (Ref. 188). Similar to S. aurita (Ref. 26938). Bluish black above. Peritoneum black (Ref. 37032). Separation of Sardinella brasiliensis (synonym of Sardinella janeiro) from Sardinella aurita on the basis of gill raker shape and a higher gill raker count is tentative.

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters, often forming compact schools. Maximum depth range based on spawners in Brazil (Ref. 114041). Probably similar to S. aurita, but if they are indeed distinct, then this species may account for the double spawning peaks of S. aurita. Constitutes a large fishery in Venezuela, but statistical reports are not separated from S. aurita. Marketed fresh and canned (Ref. 5217).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: elevato interesse commerciale; esca: usually
FAO(pesca: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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