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Sardinella brasiliensis  (Steindachner, 1879)

Brazilian sardinella
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Image of Sardinella brasiliensis (Brazilian sardinella)
Sardinella brasiliensis
Picture by Carvalho Filho, A.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino; salobre; oceanodromo; rango de profundidad 5 - 60 m (Ref. 114041).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 36°S, 98°W - 35°W

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, West Indies southward to Brazil and northern Uruguay (identifications are not always reliable).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 103182); common length : 20.0 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 188)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 13-21; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 12 - 23. Diagnostic features as for Sardinella aurita from which it differs in having the anterior gill rakers on the lower limbs of the second and third gill arches distinctly curled downward (more or less flat in S. aurita) (Ref. 188). The pelvic fin ray count of i 8 distinguishes S. brasiliensis from all other species of Sardinella, also Harengula and Opisthonema (Ref. 188). Similar to S. aurita (Ref. 26938). Bluish black above. Peritoneum black (Ref. 37032). Separation of Sardinella brasiliensis (synonym of Sardinella janeiro) from Sardinella aurita on the basis of gill raker shape and a higher gill raker count is tentative.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters, often forming compact schools. Maximum depth range based on spawners in Brazil (Ref. 114041). Probably similar to S. aurita, but if they are indeed distinct, then this species may account for the double spawning peaks of S. aurita. Constitutes a large fishery in Venezuela, but statistical reports are not separated from S. aurita. Marketed fresh and canned (Ref. 5217).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesquerías: muy comercial; carnada: usually
FAO(pesquerías: producción, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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