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Sardinella lemuru  Bleeker, 1853

Bali sardinella
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sardinella lemuru   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
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Image of Sardinella lemuru (Bali sardinella)
Sardinella lemuru
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bleeker.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 15 - 100 m (Ref. 12260).    , preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 38°N - 33°S, 97°E - 134°E (Ref. 54869)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Phuket, Thailand; southern coasts of East Java and Bali; and Western Australia. Western Pacific: Java Sea, Philippines, Hong Kong, Taiwan Island, southern Japan. Can not be distinguished as yet on morphological grounds from Sardinella aurita which occurs in the Atlantic Ocean.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 14 - 15 cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 188); common length : 20.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 188)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 13-21; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 12 - 23. A faint golden spot behind gill opening, followed by a faint golden mid-lateral line; a distinct black spot at hind border of gill cover (absence of pigment). Body elongate, sub-cylindrical. Distinguished from all other clupeids in the eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific by its pelvic fin ray count of i 8; from S. longiceps by its shorter head length and fewer lower gill rakers.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults form large schools in coastal waters, particularly in the Bali Strait upwelling. Found in sheltered bays and lagoons (Ref. 48635). They feed on phytoplankton and zooplankton, chiefly copepods. Time series analysis (Ref. 9586) suggests that recruitment fluctuations are related to ENSO events, as defined in Ref. 9577, 9578 and 9580.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Spawning tends to take place in inshore waters where salinity is low (Ref. 6863) at the beginning of the rainy season. Spawning aggregations may be formed, also including Amblygaster sirm, A. leogaster and Clupea fimbriata.

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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