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Chromis chromis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Damselfish
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Chromis chromis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chromis chromis (Damselfish)
Chromis chromis
Picture by Patzner, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 2 - 40 m (Ref. 10797).    , preferred 23°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 12°S, 32°W - 36°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Mediterranean Sea: Eastern Atlantic: Along the coast of Portugal to the Gulf of Guinea (St. Thomas Island = São Tomé Island), may also reach Angola. Quoted mainly in the islands (Azores, Salvage, Canary, Annobon, etc.) than on the continent.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 10797); common length : 13.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 10797)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 14; 背的软条 (总数): 9-11; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 9 - 11

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults form small shoals in midwater above or near rocky reefs or above seagrass meadows (Posidonia. They feed on small planktonic or benthic animals (Ref. 6760). Reproduce in summer (Ref. 6760). Eggs characterized by adhesive filaments are nested on rocky or sandy bottoms (Ref. 6760). Males guard the eggs (Ref. 6760).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Breed on rocky or sandy bottoms (Ref. 6760). Males guard the eggs (Ref. 6760).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Allen, Gerald R. | 合作者

Loris, D. and J. Rucabado, 1990. Pomacentridae. p. 842-850. In J.C. Quéro, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 10797)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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