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Chromis chromis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Damselfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Chromis chromis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chromis chromis (Damselfish)
Chromis chromis
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; ej vandrande; djupintervall 2 - 40 m (Ref. 10797).   Subtropical, preferred 23°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 12°S, 32°W - 36°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Mediterranean Sea: Eastern Atlantic: Along the coast of Portugal to the Gulf of Guinea (St. Thomas Island = São Tomé Island), may also reach Angola. Quoted mainly in the islands (Azores, Salvage, Canary, Annobon, etc.) than on the continent.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 10797); common length : 13.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 10797)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9-11; Taggstrålar i analfenan 2; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 9 - 11

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults form small shoals in midwater above or near rocky reefs or above seagrass meadows (Posidonia. They feed on small planktonic or benthic animals (Ref. 6760). Reproduce in summer (Ref. 6760). Eggs characterized by adhesive filaments are nested on rocky or sandy bottoms (Ref. 6760). Males guard the eggs (Ref. 6760).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Breed on rocky or sandy bottoms (Ref. 6760). Males guard the eggs (Ref. 6760).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Medarbetare

Loris, D. and J. Rucabado, 1990. Pomacentridae. p. 842-850. In J.C. Quéro, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 10797)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; sportfisk: ja
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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