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Lutjanus purpureus  (Poey, 1866)

Southern red snapper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lutjanus purpureus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lutjanus purpureus (Southern red snapper)
Lutjanus purpureus
Picture by JAMARC

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; marin démersal; profondeur 26 - 340 m (Ref. 9626), usually 70 - 120 m (Ref. 55).   Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 25°N - 19°S, 87°W - 35°W (Ref. 54572)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: throughout most of the Caribbean Sea from Cuba southward to northeastern Brazil. Frequently confused with Lutjanus campechanus. Also referred to as Lutjanus aya by past authors, but Rivas (Ref. 6409) proved that Bodianus aya Bloch, 1790 is not a lutjanid, but probably a sciaenid.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 43.0, range 79 - 40.6 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 55); common length : 65.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 55); poids max. publié: 10.0 kg (Ref. 5217); âge max. reporté: 18 années (Ref. 55)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 10; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 14; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 9. Head short, its dorsal profile somewhat rounded behind eye. Snout short and blunt. Eye large. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Back and upper side deep red; lower sides and belly rosy, with a silvery sheen; the fins mainly red. A small spot is sometimes on the lateral line below the anterior portion of the dorsal fin rays. Young with a rounded black spot on upper side below anterior dorsal soft rays, disappearing with growth.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky areas. They feed mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs, cephalopods and planktonic items.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 31172)




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial
FAO(pêcheries: production, Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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