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Lutjanus purpureus  (Poey, 1866)

Southern red snapper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Lutjanus purpureus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lutjanus purpureus (Southern red snapper)
Lutjanus purpureus
Picture by JAMARC

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; djupintervall 26 - 340 m (Ref. 9626), usually 70 - 120 m (Ref. 55).   Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 25°N - 19°S, 87°W - 35°W (Ref. 54572)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: throughout most of the Caribbean Sea from Cuba southward to northeastern Brazil. Frequently confused with Lutjanus campechanus. Also referred to as Lutjanus aya by past authors, but Rivas (Ref. 6409) proved that Bodianus aya Bloch, 1790 is not a lutjanid, but probably a sciaenid.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 43.0, range 79 - 40.6 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 55); common length : 65.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 55); publicerad maxvikt: 10.0 kg (Ref. 5217); rapporterad maxålder: 18 år (Ref. 55)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 9. Head short, its dorsal profile somewhat rounded behind eye. Snout short and blunt. Eye large. Preopercular notch and knob weak. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Back and upper side deep red; lower sides and belly rosy, with a silvery sheen; the fins mainly red. A small spot is sometimes on the lateral line below the anterior portion of the dorsal fin rays. Young with a rounded black spot on upper side below anterior dorsal soft rays, disappearing with growth.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rocky areas. They feed mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs, cephalopods and planktonic items.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 31172)




Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell

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