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Coregonus albula  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vendace
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Image of Coregonus albula (Vendace)
Coregonus albula
Picture by Ekeli, K.O.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 気候 / 範囲 生態学

; 海; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; 昇流魚 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 30 - ? m.   Temperate, preferred 9°C (Ref. 107945); 71°N - 69°N, 2°W - 61°E

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Europe: Baltic basin, lakes of upper Volga drainage (Seliger, Vseluga, Perejaslavskoe), some lakes of White sea basin and North Sea basin east of Elbe drainage. Anadromous in Gulf of Finland and marine in northernmost freshened part of Gulf of Bothnia; north to about 69° N in Lake Inari, northern Finland; lower Rhine (now extirpated). Frequently stocked in lakes and reservoirs in Germany and Poland. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 556); common length : 20.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 556); 最大公表体重: 1.0 kg (Ref. 556); 最大記録サイズ: 10 年 (Ref. 593)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 11-13; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 13 - 17

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Lacustrine and marine in open water. At sea, forages close to coast (Ref. 59043). Forms pelagic schools in deeper lakes (Ref. 4779). Spawns along shores, at 3-10 m depth, rarely to 22 m depth or just below surface. Spawns deeper in clear lakes and closer to surface in lakes with humic waters (Ref. 59043). Spawns on shallow sand or gravel substrate. Anadromous in the Baltic. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans (Ref. 4779).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Ascend a short distance up the rivers in shoals in late August to mid-October. Mature in the second year (lacustrine forms later) and the young ones descend in late summer (Ref. 4779).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Svetovidov, A.N., 1984. Salmonidae. p. 373-385. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 1. (Ref. 4779)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless




Human uses

水産業: 商業; 水産養殖: 実験の
FAO(水産業: 代謝; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 私達の周りの海

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