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Heterobranchus longifilis  Valenciennes, 1840

Sampa
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Heterobranchus longifilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Heterobranchus longifilis (Sampa)
Heterobranchus longifilis
Picture by Seegers, L.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Clariidae (Airbreathing catfishes)
Etymology: Heterobranchus: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, brangchia = gill (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Valenciennes.

पर्यावरण / जलवायु / सीमा पारिस्थितिकी

; स्वच्छ जल, अलवण जल ड़िमरसल; पोटामोड़िरोमस (Ref. 51243); गहराई सीमा 10 - ? m (Ref. 7248).   Tropical; 22°C - 23°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?; 25°N - 22°S, 16°W - 40°E

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Africa: Nile, Congo system, upper and middle Zambezi (Ref. 3820). Reported from Lake Rukwa and the lower Zambezi (Ref. 95585). Also from Lakes Tanganyika and Edward (Ref. 7248). In West Africa known from the Gambia, Upper Senegal, Niger, Benue, Lake Chad, Volta, and coastal basins from Guinea to Nigeria, including the delta of Niger and the Cross river (Ref. 57129).

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm SL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 4967); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 55.0 kg (Ref. 7248)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 0; पृष्ठीय सौफट रेज़ (सम्पूर्ण): 26-35; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 42 - 52; जानवरों की रीड़ का जोड़: 55 - 61. Diagnosis: length of rayed dorsal fin 27-36% standard length; 26-35 dorsal-fin rays; length of adipose fin 24-34% standard length; strong, downward-pointed serrations on the anterior part of the pectoral spine; width of vomerine tooth plate 25.0-32.2%, and width of premaxillary tooth plate 29.5-36.9% head length (ref. 57129). Posterior part of adipose fin blackish (Ref. 4967, 57129). Caudal fin with a whitish cross-bar (Ref. 57129). Head long, broad and somewhat rectangular in dorsal outline; snout broadly rounded; eyes superolateral in position; frontal fontanelle long and narrow; occipital fontanelle oval-shaped; tooth plates wide; suprabranchial organ well developed; pectoral spine strongly serrated on anterior side; caudal fin barred; openings of secondary canals hardly visible but display a regular pattern (Ref. 270). Coloration: preserved specimens: grey, greyish-brown to dark brown on back and sides, and pale brown to whitish on belly; some individuals marbled, particularly on posterior part of body; caudal fin often crossed by several vertical bars, one of which is whitish, hind margin of fin often white-edged; posterior part of adipose fin darker than anterior part (Ref. 57129).

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

An uncommon species which inhabits large rivers (Ref. 4967). Largest freshwater species in southern Africa; occurs in large deep rivers within the mainstream or in deep pools and lakes or backwaters (Ref. 7248, 78218). Most active at night, feeding on any available food, including invertebrates and insects when small, fish and other small vertebrates when large; scavenges off large carcasses and offal from riverside villages; live for 12 or more years (Ref. 7248). Maximum reported size for West Africa: 610 mm TL (Ref. 57129).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Teugels, G.G., B. Denayer and M. Legendre, 1990. A systematic revision of the African catfish genus Heterobranchus Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire, 1809 (Pisces: Clariidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 98:237-257. (Ref. 270)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य; जलीयकृषि: व्यापारिक; आखेट मत्स्य: हां
FAO(जलीयकृषि: production; ; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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