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Hemichromis fasciatus  Peters, 1857

Banded jewelfish
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Hemichromis fasciatus
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Hemichromis: Greek, hemis = half + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Peters.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: ? - 15; potamodrome (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?; 27°N - 29°S, 17°W - 47°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: widely distributed in West Africa, where it is known from most hydrographic basins (Ref. 53405). Also in the Nile basin, Lake Chad basin and in the upper Zambezi (Ref. 5644). Distribution of this species and overlap with Hemichromis elongatus unclear, but probably absent from the Congo basin (see also Ref. 43352, 52307, 53405, 81260). Introduced around 1970 in a stream fed by hot springs in Villach (Austria) (Ref. 59043).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 53405); poids max. publié: 300.00 g (Ref. 3799)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 14 - 15; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 11-13; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 11. Diagnosis: 5 dark blotches or cross bars on sides, often alternating with narrower intercalary bars, the first blotch confluent with the opercular spot, the fifth on caudal-fin base; upper profile of snout straight or concave (Ref. 53405).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in both forest and savannah biotopes (Ref. 5644); present in littoral riverine habitats and permanent floodplain lagoons with clear water. Feeds on shrimps, insects and small fishes. A nesting substrate spawner which breeds in the early summer. Used for tilapia control (Ref. 4537). Maximum TL was recorded at 26.5 cm.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Introduced individuals in Austria reported to form pairs during spawning. Female deposits eggs on exposed hard surfaces such as stones or wood. Both parents guard larvae and juveniles for 4-8 weeks (Ref. 59043).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborateurs

Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1992. Cichlidae. p. 714-779. In C. Levêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome 2. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° 28. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 902 p. (Ref. 7378)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pêcheries vivrières; Aquaculture: commercial; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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