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Hemichromis fasciatus  Peters, 1857

Banded jewelfish
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Hemichromis fasciatus
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Hemichromis: Greek, hemis = half + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Peters.

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: ? - 15; flodvandrande (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?; 27°N - 29°S, 17°W - 47°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Africa: widely distributed in West Africa, where it is known from most hydrographic basins (Ref. 53405). Also in the Nile basin, Lake Chad basin and in the upper Zambezi (Ref. 5644). Distribution of this species and overlap with Hemichromis elongatus unclear, but probably absent from the Congo basin (see also Ref. 43352, 52307, 53405, 81260). Introduced around 1970 in a stream fed by hot springs in Villach (Austria) (Ref. 59043).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 53405); publicerad maxvikt: 300.00 g (Ref. 3799)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14 - 15; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11-13; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 11. Diagnosis: 5 dark blotches or cross bars on sides, often alternating with narrower intercalary bars, the first blotch confluent with the opercular spot, the fifth on caudal-fin base; upper profile of snout straight or concave (Ref. 53405).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in both forest and savannah biotopes (Ref. 5644); present in littoral riverine habitats and permanent floodplain lagoons with clear water. Feeds on shrimps, insects and small fishes. A nesting substrate spawner which breeds in the early summer. Used for tilapia control (Ref. 4537). Maximum TL was recorded at 26.5 cm.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Introduced individuals in Austria reported to form pairs during spawning. Female deposits eggs on exposed hard surfaces such as stones or wood. Both parents guard larvae and juveniles for 4-8 weeks (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medarbetare

Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1992. Cichlidae. p. 714-779. In C. Levêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome 2. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° 28. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 902 p. (Ref. 7378)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: husbehovsfiske; Vattenbruk: kommersiell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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